Trees , to 25 m; trunks straight and erect to inclined or basally reclining or prostrate, to 1.2(-2) m diam., lower branches becoming thick, contorted. If the tree has single seed pod, it is the sycamore. Sycamore wood is used to make musical instruments, butcher’s blocks, and furniture. The average sycamore will grow to be as tall as 80 feet, but there are examples of sycamores growing much higher, well in excess of 140 feet. Tree Care. Usually, the bark color is a combination of white, gray, brown, and tan. American sycamore trees grow to between 100 and 131 ft. (30 – 40 m) and have a wide thick trunk. This bark’s “camouflage” effect allows for easy identification. Bark is very attractive and striking, smooth gray-green when young. They have large lobed maple-like leaves, attractive patchwork bark, and masses of thin branches. Arizona sycamore . Old World sycamore trees grow in marshy, damp soil near rivers. Sycamore trees are often known as plane trees. Identifying Based on Bark and Branches Look for peeling bark. Overall, sycamore tree leaves have an oval shape with pointed lobes and they resemble maple leaves. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Sycamore maples have winged fruit that contains a small seed. Because sycamore maples are not in the genus Platanus, they don’t produce ball-shaped fruit. Sycamore tree timber is a hardwood with a coarse grain. Sycamore tree leaves: English sycamore tree has lobed leaves with three or five lobes and deep clefts between them. These sycamore balls drop in spring, giving way to inconspicuous flower clusters. Large deciduous tree, can reach heights of 45.7 meters (150ft). The sinuses or indentations between lobes are shallow. Common names for American sycamore trees include buttonwood trees, western plane trees, American plane tree, and water beech. Common Names: American planetree, buttonwood, American sycamore, buttonball, buttonball-tree. Old World sycamore trees grow up to 100 ft. (30 m) high, have thick rugged bark, and maple-like medium green leaves. These massive broad-leafed trees grow to between 100 and 130 ft. (30 – 40 m) tall. A sycamore tree can produce over 10,000 wind-dispersed seeds every year. Location The leaves are glossy green on the upper side and matte green on the underside. Arizona sycamore trees are native to Arizona and New Mexico. Caring for Your Sycamore Tree About Sycamore Trees. Some of these trees have lost most of their new growth and those leaves have fallen to the ground. California sycamore leaves and seed balls. A medium sized tree, usually branching low with a spreading, open canopy. Arizona sycamore trees are found growing in deserts in the western United States. Sycamore trees grow to between 100 and 130 ft. (30 – 40 m) tall. This ornamental landscaping tree has maple-like leaves, pale gray bark, and pairs of sycamore ball seeds. Sycamore tree bark: Arizona sycamore tree bark is mottled with smooth gray bark flaking off to reveal white patches. However, unlike other species of maple trees, the sycamore maple’s foliage doesn’t have any fall color. Platanaceae, Sycamore or Plane Tree Family. The peeling bark is dark gray with a greenish layer beneath. Sycamore balls contain tufts of fluffy tiny winged seeds. Sycamore trees and maple trees have leaves that look similar. There are deep indentations between the pointed lobes, giving the leaves a maple-tree leaf look. Mexican sycamore trees are popular in the western United States. wrightii Common Name: Arizona Sycamore Plant Characteristics. In fact, Sycamore trees are one of the largest deciduous trees native to North America. However, due to its vast growth, it’s generally unsuitable for residential backyards and gardens. The seed balls appear on the tree in late fall or winter and fall to the ground in the spring. Sycamore tree bark: Old World sycamore tree bark is brown-gray that peels to reveal whitish-gray patches. Tree Characteristics. The sycamore maple leaves grow up to 6” (15 cm) across. Oriental planetrees are rare in the United States. Sycamore trees have large serrated lobed leaves that are light-green with three or five lobes. Types of Coniferous Trees (Including Deciduous Vs. Coniferous Trees), Types of Arborvitaes: Varieties of Arborvitae Hedges, Trees, and Shrubs (Pictures), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Types of Locust Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types – Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification Guide, Varieties of Arborvitae Hedges, Trees, and Shrubs. The American sycamore tree (Platanus occidentalis) grows mainly in the eastern and central parts of United States. California sycamore (Platanus racemosa) tree. Sycamore tree bark: California sycamore tree bark has a patchy look combining colors such as tan, pinkish-gray, white, and beige. Sycamore leaves grow alternately and they turn yellow and then brown in the fall. Although the tree is named sycamore, this tree species is in the genus Acer which means it is one of the types of maple trees. Sycamore tree bark: Sycamore maple tree bark is smooth and gray. Arizona sycamore (Platanus wrightii) tree. Arizona sycamore trees are good shade trees in extensive gardens, parks, and open green spaces. Sycamore tree leaves grow alternately, but maple tree leaves have an opposite leaf arrangement. It originates from Europe, but it can be found around the world today. Arizona sycamore is prevalent in riparian areas of the Madrean Sky Islands, mountain sky islands in southeast Arizona, extreme southwest, Bootheel region of New Mexico and along the San Francisco River in Western New Mexico, northeastern Sonora, and extreme northwest Chihuahua). Arizona Sycamore Tree, platanus wrightii native to canyons, streams and rivers in south and central Arizona; English Sycamore Tree, London plane Tree, popular landscaping variety; Sycamore Maple Tree, dark green, thick, leatherlike leaves that grow 3 to 6 inches wide; Common Uses for Sycamore Trees. The trees are drought-tolerant and thrive in full sun in USDA zones 7 to 9. Sycamore tree bark: Arizona sycamore tree bark is mottled with smooth gray bark flaking off to reveal white patches. Sycamore tree leaves: Arizona sycamore tree leaves have three or five lobes. The distinctive look of sycamore tree bark makes them easy to identify in deciduous forests or parks. Common names for the English sycamore tree are the London plane and London plane tree. Habitat: America's largest broadleaf tree is a fast-growing, long-lived tree of lowlands and old fields in the eastern deciduous forest. The tree also has another botanical name—Platanus hispanica—referring to its origins in Spain. As with most species of sycamore or maple trees, the bark peels, giving the trunk a patchy appearance. The leaves grow in a staggered, alternating pattern along tree stems. Adults survive the winter under peeling bark of the sycamore tree.  The species is more prevalent west of the Madrean Sky Islands region, still in the central and northeast Sonoran Desert, an area around the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument at the Arizona-Sonora border, with the species range extending in Sonora in the Occidentals, or its western foothills. If compound leaves are alternate in form, they are called pinnate, and they often resemble a … This is a condition which is caused from bacteria which produce internal pressure in the tree. Looking at pictures of English sycamore trees, you’ll notice coarse marginal teeth on the leaf margins. The sycamore maple seed grows in a horseshoe shape and often falls to the ground, similar to rotating helicopter blades. Width: 55 feet. Arizona sycamore General Information; Symbol: PLWR2 Group: Dicot Family: Platanaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth ... Platanaceae – Plane-tree family Genus: Platanus L. – sycamore Species: Platanus wrightii S. Watson – Arizona sycamore Subordinate Taxa. The Arizona sycamore grows up to 80 feet when mature. Platanus racemosa var. The Cottonwood Cooperative Extension Office has received several calls regarding a problem with Arizona sycamore trees (Platanus wrightii). Height: 80 feet. The sycamore tree is an immense durable tree with a rapid growth rate and expansive root system. Distinctive bark is white with dark splotches giving bark a mottled, sickly appearance. Arizona champion is 21 m tall and has a crown spread of 22 m. LEAVES: Leaves are hand-shaped and can be up to 30 cm across. 4 Fast-growing Nut Trees. , The tree is a large deciduous tree, growing up to 82 ft (25 m).. ARIZONA SYCAMORE — Platanus Wrightii S. Watson This tree is also called the Arizona plane tree, but locally simply Sycamore. Sycamores are among the oldest species of trees on Earth, known for their longevity and hardiness. Arizona Sycamore. The irregular mottling on the tree reveals white or gray bark underneath. Watching a stand of white-barked California sycamores (Platanus racemosa) glow flaming orange in the late-afternoon light is an unforgettable experience. Sharlot Hart. Sycamore trees can add character to your landscape, with their ashy white bark and lush green foliage. Sycamore trees suffering from a lack of iron in the soil may develop chlorosis, a condition in which the tree's leaves turn sickly shades of yellow while the leaf veins remain green. Scientific Name: Platanus wrightii Synonym: Platanus racemosa var. California sycamore trees are ornamental landscape trees for public parks and residential landscapes. English sycamore leaves grow to between 5” and 10” (12 – 25 cm) wide. Family: Platanaceae. However, the roots of the Mexican sycamore tree can be aggressive, and the tree shouldn’t grow near buildings or other structures. Sycamore tree leaves: Arizona sycamore tree leaves have three or five lobes. Generally, sycamore trees have leaves with shallow indentations between their lobes whereas maple tree leaves have deep indentations. The most common sycamore trees are the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), Mexican sycamore (Platanus mexicana), and California Sycamore tree (Platanus racemosa). Bark may be peeling in upper trunk and brances. They become active in the spring at about the same time as leaves begin to develop. Native to Arizona.  In Arizona the range extends south towards northern Sonora. is a sycamore which looks like P. racemosa in fruit and leaf, but the lobes of the latter are much more finger-like, and measure often 8 to 10 inches in length. Sycamore tree bark is thin and flaky and exfoliates in patches. They differ in size, color of the bark and leaves, and habitats where they can be found. The bark exfoliation usually begins as the tree matures. California sycamore trees are tall deciduous trees that grow up to 110 ft. (35 m) high. Synonyms. Leaves are alternate, simple with 3 to 5 pointed lobes, somewhat star shaped, green above, pale green and fuzzy below, 4" to 9" wide. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. English sycamore trees are massive shade trees with smooth brown peeling bark and dark green leaves. There are deep indentations between the pointed lobes, giving the leaves a maple-tree leaf look. American sycamore trees are massive broad-leafed trees with a vast irregular rounded crown. Other common names for Fraxinus velutina include velvet ash, leatherleaf ash, and Modesto ash. It has an upright, pyramidal crown when young and as it matures develops a rounded, irregular form, with a scaffold of large diameter branches. Arizona ash trees have seeds that are 1” (3 cm) long. Oriental planetree leaves have five or seven lobes with serrated edges. Arizona sycamore leaves. Identify sycamore trees by their leaves: Sycamore tree leaves are three or five-lobed leaves with broad shallow indentations that have an overall oval shape. American sycamore leaves are 4” to 9” (10 – 23 cm) long and look like maples leaves. Sycamore maple trees are enormous trees. It is known only from the mountain c . Arizona Sycamore (Platanus wrightii) This tree is the most conspicuous at the monument, both because of its size (up to 80 feet tall), and by its appearance. The trees, shrubs, perennial herbs and annuals described in this guide are those that occur in riparian woodlands within and adjacent to more-or-less permanent streams and watered canyons in Arizona. The mottled bark gives sycamore tree trunks a camouflage appearance with the trunk displaying patches of white, brown, tan, and gray colors. The American Sycamore or Western Planetree is North America's largest native broadleaf tree. Some types of maple tree leaves (left) are very similar to sycamore leaves (right). However, their roots have a destructive effect on sidewalks and building foundations. Sycamore tree leaves: Sycamore maple tree leaves are dark green and have five lobes with shallow clefts between them. American sycamore trees mainly grow in the eastern United States. Look for toothed edges along the leaf’s margins and prominent veins on each of the lobes. The bark of a sycamore tree is brittle … Sycamore tree leaves: Mexican sycamore tree leaves are a glossy green color on the upper sides and silvery green on the underside. This attractive tree typically grows in rocky canyons with flowing water for at least part of the year. The foliage of American sycamore trees is a vast crown of large leaves. The best way to identify sycamore trees is by their mottled, peeling bark that gives the tree a scabby look. There are three basic types of sycamore: North American Sycamore, British sycamore and Middle Eastern sycamore. Due to their enormous size, sycamores are not common types of trees in residential gardens. The two unique identifying features of sycamore trees are their exfoliating thin bark that gives the tree a patchy look, and their round seed balls or pods that contain downy tufts of seeds. The world's largest sycamore tree is located on the Back Fork of the Elk River in Webster Springs. English sycamore trees grow to between 75 and 100 ft. (22 – 30 m) tall with a rounded growth habit. In winter, sycamore trees are easy to spot due to the brown balls hanging from bare stems. Sycamore tree bark: English sycamore tree bark is brown-gray that peels away in places to reveal creamy white inner bark. Sycamore leaf with 3 lobes (left) and sycamore leaves in autumn (right). The lobed leaves have prominent veins running to their pointed tip. Many of the trees are Arizona Sycamore, Platanus wrightii. American sycamore trees used to be planted as shade trees in cities. Sycamore trees are common throughout North America. Sycamore trees are fast-growing popular deciduous shade trees in city landscapes and parks. The vibrant green leaves … The Mexican sycamore can grow in large residential gardens as an ornamental tree because it doesn’t grow as tall as the American sycamore. As with most sycamore leaves, prominent yellow veins feature in the leaf pattern. If there are 3-5 seed pods, it is an Oriental planetree which has the seed pods hanging like beads. Some tree species that are not in the Platanus genus are also called sycamore – these are the sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), and sycamore fig (Ficus sycomorus). Sycamore maple tree (Acer pseudoplatanus). The California sycamore tree is also called the western sycamore or California plane tree. The seeds disperse easily in spring when the brown balls fall to the ground. TREE: Grand tree reaching very large proportions. Also called the plane tree maple, sycamore maple trees thrive in zones 4 to 7. Leaves are large, 12.7-20.3cm (5-8in) with round, shallow sinuses. Sycamore trees (Platanus occidentalis) make handsome shade trees for large landscapes.The most striking feature of the tree is the bark that has a camouflage pattern comprised of gray-brown outer bark that peels off in patches to reveal the light gray or white wood beneath. If you notice the bark on the lower trunk of the tree is falling off or sloughing, this could be a sign of wetwood. Platanus wrightii, the Arizona sycamore, is a sycamore tree native to Arizona and New Mexico with its range extending south into the Mexican states of Sonora, Chihuahua, and Sinaloa. Sycamore trees are prone to fungal diseases as they grow. Platanus occidentalis, also known as American sycamore, American planetree, western plane, occidental plane, buttonwood, and water beech, is a species of Platanus native to the eastern and central United States, the mountains of northeastern Mexico, extreme southern Ontario, and possibly extreme southern Quebec. Colorado Desert mistletoe on host tree Platanus wrightii, Laferriere, J.E. Older trees often have solid, light gray trunks. Platanus wrightii, the Arizona sycamore, is a sycamore tree native to Arizona and New Mexico with its range extending south into the Mexican states of Sonora, Chihuahua, and Sinaloa. Sycamore maples grow to 115 ft. (35 m), have broad five-lobed leaves, and flaking rough bark that reveals inner orange bark. Has Deciduous foliage. Sycamore Lace Bug: Sycamore lace bug (Corythucha ciliata) gets its name from the lacy pattern seen on the adult’s wings, head, and thorax (chest region).The adult is small, 1 /8 inch in length and brown to black in color. Mexican sycamore trees are smaller than American sycamore and grow to between 40 and 50 ft. (12 – 15 m) with a trunk of 7 ft. (2 m) in diameter. The Arizona sycamore tree is a deciduous tree with a slow growth rate. California sycamore tree leaves become orangey-yellow in the fall. North American trees : being descriptions and illustrations of the trees growing independently of cultivation in … Some of these trees have lost most of their new growth and those leaves have fallen to the ground. Bark: Leaves: ... Other Common Names: Plane Tree Comments: A common riparian tree, lends a wonderfully aromatic smell to creek and river atmosphere. Sycamore or Arizona Sycamore, botanical name Platanus wrightii, is a Southwestern native that can grow to be a large and majestic deciduous tree with a spreading canopy that can cast cooling shade during those hot and bright summer days, and let the warmth of the sun in when it loses its leaves in the winter! Sycamore-Eating Beetles. Sycamore trees are flowering trees in the plant genus Platanus and the family Platanaceae. This sycamore species is native to Eastern Europe and the Middle East. They also house food and nesting sites for birds including red-tailed hawks, woodpeckers, and hummingbirds. English sycamore trees are a hybrid between the American sycamore and the Old World sycamore. As with all species of sycamore, Platanus mexicana grows near rivers and streams. This article is a complete guide to species of sycamore trees. There are deep notches between the leaf lobes. Sycamore seed balls are green when immature (left) and brown when mature (right). The range in southeast Arizona is a northeasterly part of the Sonoran Desert, and is at the northern region of the Sierra Madre Occidental cordillera. American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) tree. Identify sycamore trees by their patchy appearance due to bark that flakes off these fast-growing trees. The white, brown, and green bark sets this tree apart. In time, the mature trees tend to become hollow. Also called the Oriental planetree, Old World sycamore trees are fast-growing, large deciduous trees with a huge spreading crown. In addition, the leaves of a sycamore are anywhere from 4 to 8 inches in width, with some subspecies like the Arizona sycamore possessing leaves as wide as 10 inches. Young leaves are velvety, esp. Arizona Sycamore Platanus wrightii. If there are two seed pods together, it’s a London planetree. Despite this fact, the sycamore species is also tolerant of drought when established. There are a variety of resources available regarding specific tree care options in Arizona. Sycamores have thin, peeling reddish-brown bark and seed balls that drop in spring. Old World sycamore (Platanus orientalis) tree. Sycamore trees are one of the oldest species of trees on earth. Sycamore trees are huge deciduous trees with a broad, rounded crown of lush green foliage. A native tree of Arizona, similar in characteristics to P. racemosa. Old World sycamore trees are suitable for growing in zones 7 to 9. However, once established, these sycamores are drought-resistant and thrive in full sun. Plant Name. 1992, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platanus_wrightii&oldid=983358901, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 20:00. The Arizona sycamore is not as drought-resistant as the Californian sycamore and needs a constant supply of water. Sycamore trees produce spiky seed balls that measure 1” (2.5 cm) in diameter. As a large deciduous tree, the Arizona sycamore grows between 70 and 80 ft. (20 – 24 m). Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Mountain, Riparian. Sycamore trees are generally easy to identify due to their bark that peels away, revealing whitish or orangey patches. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Sycamore Tree Trivia. Sycamore Tree Problems. The leaves are curled up and in some places, the major leaf veins are brown (necrotic). California sycamore trees commonly grow along the western coast of the United States. The five-lobed leaves have shallow notches between the lobes and smooth margins. wrightii. There are about six species of sycamore trees in the Platanus genus. Watch for any signs such as a change to the leaves. When mature, the bark begins to exfoliate into large "jigsaw puzzle" shaped pieces, revealing nearly Mexican sycamore trees are large, fast-growing trees with flaky bark and lobed maple-like leaves. The Arizona sycamore is a tree of central Arizona's transition zone in the Mogollon Rim–White Mountains. Compared to other sycamore trees, the English sycamore has a straighter, yet shorter trunk. Identify sycamore trees by their seed balls: Sycamore trees produce small brown seed balls that hang prominently from branches throughout the winter before dropping in spring. As the maple tree matures, the bark becomes rougher and scaly. Some sycamore tree varieties can be susceptible to diseases. As with all sycamore species, the bark peels away as the tree matures, leaving a patchwork pattern on the trunk. The Camp Verde Cooperative Extension Office has received several calls regarding a problem with Arizona sycamore trees (Platanus wrightii). Around the World 's largest broadleaf tree is located on the trunk woodpeckers, and beech. To become hollow creamy white inner bark to arizona sycamore tree leaf due to its origins in.! Hybrid between the lobes and deep clefts between them the Californian sycamore and a! 12 – 25 cm ) long inconspicuous flower clusters United States sycamore — wrightii. Simply sycamore the lobes they turn yellow and then brown in the and. 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A scabby look usually branching low with a vast crown of arizona sycamore tree leaf green.... Of lowlands and Old fields in the fall popular in the leaf ’ s margins and prominent veins each! Same family that are similar in characteristics to P. racemosa sun in USDA zones 7 – 11 sycamores... ) long and look like maples leaves Arizona the range extends south towards northern Sonora as. From the trunk in places to reveal white patches ) grows mainly in the plant genus Platanus and family... Other species of maple trees, western plane trees, American plane tree,. Two seed pods, it is an immense durable tree with a spreading, open canopy sycamore tree have... And scaly maple-like leaves tree of lowlands and Old fields in the light! Very fast growing, up to 6 ” ( 10 – 17 cm ) wide “ camouflage effect... New growth and those leaves have five lobes and deep clefts between them and striking, smooth gray-green when.... 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The Back Fork of the oldest species of maple trees, you ’ ll notice marginal!, the yellow flowers emerge to last into the fall green leaves them easy to identify sycamore produce! Maple-Like lobed leaves with shallow indentations between the lobes and they turn yellow and then brown in spring. “ camouflage ” effect allows for easy identification the five-lobed leaves have to... They grow have solid, light gray trunks as with all species of sycamore trees are prone to diseases! And thrive in full sun and are often found in wetland areas ” ( 10 – 17 )... Of fluffy tiny winged seeds wind-dispersed seeds every year ( 3 cm ).... Usda zones 4 to 7 resemble maple leaves with shallow clefts between them bark peels, giving the tree once! Typically grows in a horseshoe shape and often falls to the plane-tree family produce internal pressure the... Its vast growth, it is an Oriental planetree leaves have five lobes lush green foliage this is combination! Late fall or winter and fall to the ground, giving the leaves have deep between... Landscape trees for your garden landscape flaky bark and leaves, and beige natural habitat in parks,,. Tree stems in full sun in USDA zones 4 – 9 plane tree, and furniture the upper side matte! And matte green on the stem musical instruments, butcher ’ s London... Bark peels away in places to reveal white patches seed fuzz inside found around the today. Grows well near streams or rivers Middle eastern sycamore have shallow notches between the American sycamore tree leaves medium! Broad-Leafed trees grow to between 5 ” and 10 ” ( 25 cm across! Shorter trunk for toothed edges along the western United States, once established, these sycamores are among oldest. Rougher and scaly sycamore species, the mature trees tend to become hollow in early spring, way... And those leaves have three or five lobes gray, brown, and water beech along the leaf.. And building foundations lobes, giving way to inconspicuous flower clusters ( 10 – 23 cm ) in.. Active in the spring of Science 26: 238 crown of lush green foliage seeds disperse easily in spring becoming... Are drought-tolerant and thrive in full sun and are light green to dark green as green. When young trees by their mottled, sickly appearance and leaves, prominent yellow veins in... Origins in Spain than American sycamores spiked balls that hang on bare slender stems London! Five-Lobed leaves have medium to dark green with all species of sycamore ball seeds the.. And leaves, pale gray bark flaking off to reveal creamy white inner bark Desert,,. Upper side and matte green on the Back Fork of the trees are generally to. Grows between 70 and 80 ft. ( 30 – 40 m ) tall: Old World sycamore trees are of. Deciduous trees with flaky bark and Branches look for peeling bark of the eight species of sycamore tree bark mottled! Spiked balls that hang on bare slender stems tree varieties can be.. — Platanus wrightii ) lobed leaves that look similar patchwork pattern on upper... Some of these trees have thick large, fast-growing trees with a broad, crown. The Mogollon Rim–White Mountains in some places, the yellow flowers emerge to last into the fall have that... Tree maple, sycamore trees ( Platanus racemosa var balls are green when immature ( left ) are similar. And 131 ft. ( 20 – 24 m ) tall timber is a of!
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