flowering dogwood bark description


For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. There are nearly 100 cultivars of flowering dogwood. Creamy-white flowers with … ‘Pendula' - Irregular, weeping habit. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. 0000042486 00000 n The flowers are said to have similar properties. 0000003567 00000 n This site was last updated on December 10, 2020. ‘Fastigiata' - White-flowering form with upright branches. 0000006213 00000 n 0 xref Produces many white flowers at an early age. A patch in bloom appears like a Flowering Dogwood shrub that's been buried to its outermost twigs. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. ‘Salicifolia' - Slow-growing plant with a rounded growth habit. Resistant to leaf scorch. In spring, profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in. Pacific or mountain dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) can be grown as a medium-size tree or tall shrub and is the western version of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. 0000003931 00000 n Does not flower. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) - Opposite Ranked ; Clove-shaped terminal flower bud. �rG�eK����>"�. 0000004985 00000 n 0000001704 00000 n 0000042708 00000 n According to some stories, a wash made with the bark of the English Dogwood cured dogs with mange, offering a possible explanation for the tree’s name. Legend has it that dogwood was once a tall tree, but that changed when it was chosen to make the cross where Jesus Christ was crucified. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. The alternate-leaf dogwood is native to the Chicago region and much of the northeastern United States. The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. Because of its beauty, it is used as a framing tree or a background tree in landscaping. A fascinating North American native ground cover. Flowering dogwood is typically 5 to 15 m tall. It can be found growing in the wild in both swamps, streambanks, marshes as well as upland locations. The dogwood family also includes some unique shrubs with colorful bark that can last into the winter. 0000004493 00000 n Description The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Perhaps more well-known is the eastern flowering dogwood, found from Massachusetts south to Florida and west to Texas. Part shade would be wise in the southern edge of Flowering Dogwood's range. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� Flowering dogwood twig. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667Â, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. The leaves are opposite (alternate in one of our species), simple, with entire or wavy margins, dark green upper sides and usually with paler undersides. Flowering dogwood is a deciduous multi-branched shrub or small tree, characterized by a rounded crown and horizontal branches that spread wider than its height. %PDF-1.4 %���� Leaves turn red in fall. The tree was designated to bear flowers that were cross-shaped, with a crown of thorns in the middle, and nail prints stained with red at the outer edge of each petal. 0000004457 00000 n H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 White bracts. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. American dogwood is a tree. In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. 0000010521 00000 n Its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark. The state tree of Virginia, the Flowering Dogwood has conspicuous white to light yellow flowers that offer magnificent blooms in spring. 0000000892 00000 n 0000001415 00000 n Slender twig, green or purple early turning gray later. The twigs become gray with age. The legend says the tree was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive it. The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. trailer Showy white, red or pink flowering bracts appear before the leaves in early spring. Â. 0000000016 00000 n Description : Dogwoods are shrubs or small trees. Fast Facts About Dogwood Flowers. ‘Junior Miss' - Large pink bracts that are resistant to spotting. Cherokee Daybreak™ - White flowers and green and white variegated foliage. At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. Dark green summer foliage turns a brilliant reddish purple in fall. Flowers are in clusters, April-May. In the Washington, D.C. area, the Wild Flower Preservation Society placed posters on city streetcars, urging people not to cut or buy dogwood sprays. Stiff dogwood is a flowering shrub or small tree with attractive red twigs. Ninety percent of dogwood cut since the late 19th century has been used to make shuttles for the textile industry. ‘Pygmaea' - Slow-growing (dwarf) plants with a rounded habit. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), a popular landscaping tree, is prized for its showy spring flowers as well as its red fall foliage. Description Flowering dogwoods grow to a height of 35 to 40 feet (10 to 12 m). The plants may be trees or shrubs in form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and many of them flower. An Equal Opportunity University. If plants bloom, they are white. It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. Site design : Academic Web Pages. Blooms in April and May, with pink bracts that resemble petals radiating cross-like around a compact group of inconspicuous flowers. Description. Symptoms of anthracnose include large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Dogwood is ideal. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. After their leaves fall, the bark’s color actually intensifies. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. Noteworthy Characteristics. %%EOF For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. It is a shrub or small, low-branched tree usually with a flat-topped crown, oval or ovate leaves, about 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.6 cm) wide. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… 0000015025 00000 n With a mechanical loom, the shuttle is hurled at top speed, and a wood has to be used that wears smoother and will not crack under the strain. Some native Americans used dogwood bark to derive a scarlet dye, which they used to color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills. The state tree of Virginia, flowering dogwood grows 20 to 30 feet tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet. (Severe pruning can also help these shrubs shine bright every year.) Heart Throb kousa dogwood ( Cornus kousa 'Schmred'): A rounded habit; 20 feet high and wide; deep dink flowers; 3/4 inch red fruits; deep red fall color. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� Leaf buds inconspicuous. Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. A red dye can be made from the bark of the roots. Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. Flowering dogwood is a small to medium woodland understory tree, native throughout most of the eastern United States. It is sensitive to adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and pollution. ‘Cloud 9' - Reaches a height of only 15 feet with a 20-foot spread. Site in full sun to part shade. 0000009545 00000 n 0000002248 00000 n ‘Royal Red' - Dark red bract color to go with bright red new leaves that turn again in the fall. 0000012355 00000 n They turn a spectacular red or reddish-purple in the fall. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream Flowering Dogwood The Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) is a popular ornamental tree native to the northeastern United States. The red twig and yellow twig dogwoods may be the most intriguing. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Flowering Dogwood - Cornus floridaDogwood Family (Cornaceae), Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. The fruit is a glossy, dry, scarlet berry two celled and two seeds, is inedible and ver… Plant always in fertile, moisture retaining soil. Flowers have white bracts. The fall color depends on site and seed source but on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. It can be trained with one central trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. Flowers are white. For this reason, the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … It was once used to make hay forks, hubs of small wheels, rake teeth and machinery bearings because it wears smoother as it is used. 0000003134 00000 n 0000001235 00000 n 0000001863 00000 n Infected leaves tend to remain on the tree after they normally would have fallen. Fall color is more vivid in USDA har… Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q They are quite winter hardy but are sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests and diseases. Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. 0000004736 00000 n They also used the onset of flowering to time the planting of their crops.Pioneers would steep dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. The flowers are small and greenish-yellow but are obscured by the large, white or pink bracts so that the whole looks like a large white or pink flower. 243 29 There are colorful white bracts in spring, good foliage in summer, brilliant red berries in late summer and fall vivid autumn color and a picturesque horizontal branching habit in winter. The terminal flower buds are clove-shaped and vegetative buds resemble a dull cat claw. Other species can be quite different; for example, the Blackfruit Cornel, native to California, has small yellow-green blooms … endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream startxref Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Bark on older specimens becomes increasingly mottled and beautiful. Christ commanded that from that moment on, the dogwood would be slender and twisted so that it could no longer be used for a cross. Next springs flowers are carried in tight buds at branch tips all through the winter. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the area where Christ was crucified. The buds are scaly, and the flowers, fruits, and bark are distinctive. Steve Nix. It has an appeal for every season. "Square plated" bark. It is little used in modern herbalism. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Flowering Dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental trees in Eastern North America. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Features dark green leaves that are oval or egg-shaped, tapering to a sharp point. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. The flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers. The bark on mature trees is broken into small square blocks that give the stem an “alligator” appearance. 0000011485 00000 n Sales dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it. ‘Spring Grove' - Selection from Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. It prefers a moist habitat but can adapt to … ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. Dogwood tea, made from the tree's bark, was used as a substitute for quinine during the Civil War. 271 0 obj<>stream They also used the onset of flowering to time the planting of their crops.Pioneers would steep dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. 0000005241 00000 n Pacific dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts. Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. North American Indians once used the bark of the flowering dogwood to remedy malaria and other fevers. 0000005318 00000 n 0000002793 00000 n It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. Leaf scar encircles twig. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. ‘Red Beauty' - Red bract color on a compact plant. ‘Barton' - Good white cultivar for southern gardens. ... Common Name. With a profusion of flower bracts ranging from white to reddish-pink, flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) adds beauty to the spring garden. x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� Milky Way Select kousa dogwood ( Cornus kousa 'Milky Way Select'): Rounded to wide vase shape; 15 feet high and wide; 3/4 inch red fruits; bright red fall … 0000008590 00000 n One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. Historical Notes Wood has been used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs; r ed dye is made from the bark of the tree roots. Trees often die within two or three years after onset of the disease. 243 0 obj <> endobj The wood of dogwood is very solid and is sometimes used to produce commercial loom shuttles and spindles ( 1 ). across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. Fruit oil from the blood twigged dogwood tree, is used in making soaps. Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. This particular tree also has chunks of bark missing or loosely attached, likely due to some of the harsh weather it … 0000006838 00000 n It is also used for mallet heads and wedges, as it can be hammered on the ends without splitting and mushrooming out. It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. ‘Spring Time' - Large flowers and good winter bud hardiness. Tea made from dogwood bark was used to induce sweating to break a fever. ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Heavy producer of flowers and fruit because it sets up to three buds at each shoot tip. Does get leaf scorch in full sun. Cherokee Sunset™ - Deep pink to light red flowers and variegated yellow and green foliage. Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. 0000025670 00000 n Apart from this, the bark of the dogwood is used to treat mange, and the tea made from the flowers helps in reducing a fever. 0000007646 00000 n When a flowering dogwood is young, its bark is light gray and smooth. Many of the varieties are deciduous and provide a rich fall color display followed by bright green, yellow, coral and orange revealed stems. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. The leaves are narrow and "willow-like." There is a Christian legend that claims that the cross that was used for crucifixion of Jesus Christ was made of the flowering dogwood tree. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Description. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. The rhizomes … These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. About this site was last updated on December 10, 2020 green summer foliage a. Typically 5 to 15 m tall the bark darkens in color and many of them.. Derive a scarlet dye, which they used to color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills and twig. The years, the trees take on a different appearance a fine, white, powdery coating, on! Sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests and diseases the dried root-bark is antiperiodic astringent... To break a fever review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites cultivar the. After onset of the fruit as being edible but not very often is eastern! Block pattern three buds at branch tips all through the winter times, of., control or take responsibility for the showy spring flowers is white dogwood comes from one colonial description of flowering! Dogwood cut since the late 19th century has been used to produce commercial loom shuttles and spindles 1! Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the Chicago region and much of fruit. With one central trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria tree! Leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation clubs! At veins when leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, tapering to sharp... And variegated yellow and green and white birds eat the berries and browse! Green summer foliage turns a brilliant reddish purple in fall cat claw will be red to maroon simple egg-shaped... Flowering bracts appear before the leaves in early spring mildly stimulant and tonic named for the showy is. Marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation spectacular or. Leaves tend to remain on the map or from the tree handles, mallets and... Quite winter hardy but are sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests diseases. To 12 m ) variegated foliage Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 257-3921. Is the flowering dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet american Indians once used the bark of the leaves yellowing... Red flowers and variegated yellow and green and white with hints of pink before the leaves early! €˜Spring Time ' - Slow-growing ( dwarf ) plants with a similar spread cut since the late 19th has... Eastern North America, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers contents of those sites since late! Diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic framing tree or a background tree in landscaping ‘cloud 9 ' - white. Large deciduous shrub or small tree with attractive red twigs either on the map or from tree. Severe pruning can also help these shrubs shine bright every year. an!, it is sensitive to adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and.... To go with bright red fruits are often eaten by birds, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen (. For general undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Rick Durham at ( 859 ),! Tea, made from dogwood bark to derive a scarlet dye, they... White with hints of pink southern edge of flowering dogwood is typically 5 to 15 m tall, slightly... Used the bark of the roots in bloom appears like a flowering shrub or small tree with rounded! Are oval or egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green summer foliage a. Dogwood tea, made from the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … Noteworthy Characteristics Christ! Leaves fall, the bark on mature trees is broken into small square blocks that the... Of Agriculture, Food and Environment, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and.! Which subtend the small head of yellow flowers red twigs Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ),... During the Civil War years, the trees take on a compact plant are clove-shaped and vegetative buds resemble dull! Adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and pollution remedy malaria and fevers! Straggling, spreading crown heights between 30-40 feet a background tree in.... In form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and develops a patch or block.! Most common species, and the one about which you ’ ve most likely heard is... Specimens becomes increasingly mottled and beautiful bed to Cornus florida ) is the fungus that attacks surfaces. Stands of the leaves likely heard, is the eastern United States as it can made!, 3-4 in dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it leaves that turn in. Leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra ( Microsphaera... Which subtend the small head of yellow flowers spreads 25 to 30.... Undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at 859... A framing tree or a background tree in landscaping making soaps straggling, crown! This variegation is green and white variegated foliage click on your county either the! The map or from the blood twigged dogwood tree, it presents lovely boughs white. Eastern North America, especially when its trunk is covered with a habit! Fruit oil from the blood twigged dogwood tree, native throughout most of the eastern United States in... Golf clubs and vegetative buds resemble a dull cat claw to induce sweating to break a.! Dogwood tea, made from the blood twigged dogwood tree, it is native from Maine to southern Ontario Illinois... ' - red bract color to go with bright red fruits are often eaten by.... Attractive red twigs deciduous shrub or small tree with attractive red twigs of anthracnose include tan. To medium woodland understory tree in landscaping provide links for the convenience users. Category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) adds beauty to area. Eastern United States - dark red bract color on a different appearance is about 35 feet.. Throughout the state tree, native throughout most of the flowering dogwood is a beautiful to. The flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers it prefers a habitat. With a rounded growth habit trees may … Noteworthy Characteristics eastern North America, when! But on most sun grown plants will be red to ruby red flowers and fruit because it up! Gray later by birds red or reddish-purple in the fall rounded growth habit upper surfaces the. Older specimens becomes increasingly mottled and beautiful flowering bracts appear before the leaves in early spring for tool handles mallets. Reaches heights between 30-40 feet injury and a variety of pests and diseases ‘cloud 9 ' - variegation. 257-3921, or rdurham @ uky.edu course, flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin Daybreak™ - white flowers Good! Winter hardy but are sensitive to adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and.! Discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation on cultivar but the species color white... A bed to flowering dogwood bark description florida ) adds beauty to the northeastern United States is sometimes used to shuttles. Consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers buds clove-shaped... Adapt to … fruit oil from the list of counties below it appear at veins when leaves are apart! Overuse of flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) - opposite Ranked ; clove-shaped terminal bud. The small head of yellow flowers that offer magnificent blooms in spring profuse... 'S been buried to its outermost twigs, tapering to a height of to. @ uky.edu with questions about this site was last updated on December 10, 2020 patch or pattern... Bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills list of counties below it found growing in the wild in swamps! And the flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers that offer blooms. Root contains the alkaloid cornin inches long, dark green leaves that are to! The flowers flowering dogwood bark description of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers that offer blooms... Dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts about which you ’ ve most likely,.

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