the township and range system


Understanding Township and Range Excerpts and diagrams from “Analysis of the System of United States Land Surveys” in Standard Atlas of Knox County Illinois 1903. The township and range grid system is based upon subdivisions of a single township, which is a square parcel of land that is 36 square miles in area (6 miles North-South X 6 miles East-West).The boundary lines that run east-to-west, dividing North from South are called township lines.The boundary lines running north to side and divide East from West are called range lines. It does not show individual properties or parcels. Otherwise, the survey grid can look distorted as it shapes itself to the earth's surface. Ever wonder how the Township, Range and Section are determined? The Township System. Each township is further divided into sections, quarter sections and legal subdivisions. I – II. Miami-Dade starts with township 51 in the north and changes every 6 miles going South until township 59. Township and Range System. Township: The first digit is the township number. Township, Range, and Section: The next 4 digits indicate the, Township, Range and Section based on the Public Land Survey System (PLSS). T2N, R1E refers to Township 2 North (of the Baseline), Range 1 East (of the Principal Meridian). Township and Range. Piece by Piece, Saskatchewan’s Land is Divided Township lines run north and south, Range lines run east and west. A Brief Explanation of the Township-Range Survey System John W Pierce R2 Systems, San Diego December 12, 1999 The basic unit of the Township and Range System is the section, which is nominally a square one mile on each side (i.e., a square mile, which is 640 acres).Sections are combined into townships, which are nominally squares that are six miles on a side. Legal Land Descriptions in Federal Tow nship and Range System. A township that surveys the 6 miles and is the first six miles south of the base line is described as township one south and written as T1S. Metes and Bounds A range measures the east/west distance from its dedicated principal meridian. Newberry Library call number: +F896467.642 Modern notes and clarifications are provided in square brackets. Pp. The second six miles would be T2S, T3S and so on. The combination of a topographic map and this system can be used to locate features within a few acres and is a primary means of subdividing tracts of land for sale. George A. Ogle & Co.: Chicago, 1903. Graphical Display of the Federal Township and Range System. Well get ready for a history lesson. Townships run from North to South in ascending order. The largest grouping is the township which is named in reference to a Principal Meridian (P.M.) and a Baseline. In the Southern United States in the State-Land s tates, land is surveyed in the indescriminate metes a nd bounds system, not the federal township-range system. There are approximately 3,600 townships in Saskatchewan. Hint In mountainous areas it might be helpful to turn off the terrain layer in Google Earth. Their intersections create a grid of townships. Our story begins in 1785, toward the end of the American Revolution as the U.S. received new land in thanks to the Treaty of Paris.In order for the U.S. to properly assess the new land, the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) was developed to plat or divide real property for sale or settling. Accuracy of map location can be enhanced for any area surveyed under the township and range system of the Bureau of Land Management. Federal land surveys in Oklahoma began in 1870, when Ehud Darling, a professional surveyor of the West, established the initial reference point for the township and range grid for Indian Territory. The metes and boun ds survey system uses natural land features, such as trees and streams, as well as neighboring land owners, along with distances to describe plots of land. Map and Township and Range information reproduced from Roads of Oklahoma courtesy of National Geographic Maps 1-800-962-1643, The distictive checkerboard pattern of land boundaries in the West was conceived by Thomas Jefferson in the early 1780's--long before the rough and rugged character of this vast wilderness had been charted. The data shows the township and range systems. How the township number to a Principal Meridian lines run East and west Divided sections... In reference to a Principal Meridian ( P.M. ) and a Baseline Descriptions in Federal Tow and... Township 2 North ( of the Principal Meridian ) from its dedicated Principal Meridian ( P.M. and. Number: +F896467.642 Modern notes and clarifications are provided in square brackets digit is the township Range.: the first digit is the township and Range System South, Range 1 East ( the. Helpful to turn off the terrain layer in Google Earth township and Range System run North and,... 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