geography of spain


GEOGRAPHY Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula, stretching south from the Pyrenees Mountains to the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Spain from Africa. The Coastal Plains regions are narrow strips between the coastal mountains and the seas. include Montes de León, the Cordillera Cantábrica, the Sistema…. Spain has high plateaus surrounded by low coastal plains. THANKS to all the Spanish geograpeeps that helped with this! Spanish territory comprises nearly five-sixths of the Iberian Peninsula, which the nation shares with Portugal, the micro-state of Andorra, and the British possession of Gibraltar. Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with its smaller neighbour, Portugal, and is bordered to the northeast by the Pyrenees mountain range that cuts across France and Andorra. This book is the most comprehensive reference to the regional geography of Spain, considering emergent issues such as climate change and nationalism. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to over 2,400 m within the Madrid region. Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally. [5], Three main climatic zones can be separated, according to geographical situation and orographic conditions:[8][9][10][11]. Spain is located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula, along with neighboring Portugal. Major landforms … In the early 1800s, it was occupied by France and was involved in several wars, including the Spanish-American War (1898), throughout the 19th century. The average height of the mountains are 2,000 feet. Its highest points are the Picos de Europa, surpassing 2,600 m. The Cordillera Cantábrica extends 182 km and abruptly drops 1,500 m some 30 km from the coast. The reason for the removal of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain: Climas de España.png map is not according to the Spanish meteorogical service and Climates of Spain.png map is inaccurate, because it ignores details. The area of present-day Spain and the Iberian Peninsula has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest archeological sites in Europe are located in Spain. Tensions and instability continued in Spain and in July 1936, the Spanish Civil War began. It has coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea. Humans have inhabited Spain since the Stone Age. It is the 12th largest economy in the world and the country is known for its high standard of living and quality of life. Spain also borders FRANCE and ANDORRA, and is bounded by the ATLANTIC OCEAN and by the MEDITERRANEAN SEA. The river broadens out along its course, reaching its widest point at the Golfo de Cadiz. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys. The Andalusian Plain is essentially a wide river valley through which the Río Guadalquivir flows. Spain lies on the Iberian Peninsula. Forming the southern edge of the Meseta Central, the Sierra Morena merges in the east with the southern extension of the Sistema Iberico and reaches westward along the northern edge of the Rio Guadalquivir valley to join the mountains in southern Portugal. low areas between mountain ranges, the Ebro & Guadalquivir dep…. Capital: Madrid. Spain is bordered by 5 countries: by Portugal in the west, by France and Andorra in the northeast, by Gibraltar and Morocco (the Spanish territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa), in the south. Fast Facts: Spain. Rate: Featured Quiz . The city is locally right at the heart of the Iberian Peninsula atop the undulation plateau at an elevation, which makes it one of the highest capitals in Europe. Their peaks do not rise much higher than 1,500 m. With many easy passes, including those that connect the Meseta with the Andalusian Plain, the Montes de Toledo do not present an obstacle to transportation and communication. The process leading to the formation of the Spanish empire is rooted in the Reconquista (reconquest), the Crusades undertaken in 722 C.E. Where is Spain ? Geography Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. Geography of Spain The physical geography of Spain is varied. Can you answer these questions about the geography of Spain? The Phoenicians arrived in the 9th century BC, followed by the Greeks, Carthaginians, and the Romans. To the west lie the hills of the northwest region and to the east the Basque mountains that link them to the Pyrenees. El Atazar Dam is a major dam built near Madrid to provide a water supply. The Sistema Ibérico extends from the Cordillera Cantábrica southeastward and, close to the Mediterranean, spreads out from the Río Ebro to the Río Júcar. The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin. Spain is located at the Iberian Península, of which it occupies approximately 80% (the remaining 20% are occupied by Portugal), in the southwest of Europe. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. By the 1960s and 1970s, Spain had developed a modern economy and in the late 1970s, it began to transition to a more democratic government. The largest metropolitan areas, based on 2007 population, were:[12], Natural resources: Spain hangs on the south western end of Europe like an inverted flag. The reason for the removal of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain. Cantabrian Mountains This is a mountain range in northern Spain that stretches along the Bay of Biscay, from the western end of the Pyrenees Mountains to the region of Galicia in northwestern Spain. Other landforms include narrow coastal plains and some lowland river valleys, the most prominent of which is the Andalusian Plain in the southwest. The barren, rugged slopes of this mountain range cover an area of close to 21,000 square kilometers. Physical Geography of Spain Land forms The entire area of Spain is 504,750 sq. Spain also has many mountain ranges. All of this land area makes Spain the second largest country in Europe behind France. The narrowest coastal plain runs along the Bay of Biscay, where the Cordillera Cantábrica ends close to shore. Overall, the regions in the south-east of Spain are particularly vulnerable to water shortages. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. Of the roughly 1,800 rivers and streams in Spain, only the Tagus is more than 960 kilometers long; all but 90 extend less than 96 kilometers. include the … All the resources that are needed to run the lesson are here including differentiated worksheets, the presentation and maps that can be used if you don't have access to atlases etc. It has an average altitude of 650 m. Its total area including Spanish island territories is 505,370 km2 (195,124 sq mi) of which 499,542 km2 (192,874 sq mi) is land and 5,240 km2 (2,023 sq mi) is water. 200,000 years ago, early human ancestors called Neanderthals lived in the area that is now Spain. Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France. Spain is the second highest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains! Geography of Spain. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The most famous mountain range in Spain is located in the north. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, strong economy, and very high living standards. The central portion of Majorca is a plain, bounded on the east and the southeast by broken hills. The climate of Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland and cloudy, cool summers and cool winters along the coast. The majority of Spain's peninsular region consists of the Meseta Central, a highland plateau rimmed and dissected by mountain ranges. This stronghold would continue for around three hundre… The Cordillera Cantábrica, a limestone formation, runs parallel to, and close to, the northern coast near the Bay of Biscay. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands. Agriculture is also important in many areas of Spain and the main products produced from that industry are grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, and fish. Spain Geography quiz geography quiz - just click on the map to answer the questions about the autonomies in Spain Test your geography knowledge - Spain: autonomies quiz | Lizard Point Quizzes Become a supporter to remove 3rd party ads Geography of Spain. The civil war ended in 1939 and General Francisco Franco took over Spain. This time ended with the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. Spain is located in Southwest Europe on the eastern Iberian Peninsula which it shares with Portugal. These shorter rivers carry small volumes of water on an irregular basis, and they have seasonally dry river beds; however, when they do flow, they often are swift and torrential. Rivers in the extreme northwest and in the narrow northern coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean. The highest point in Spain is located in the Canary Islands on Pico de Teide at 12,198 feet (3,718 meters) above sea level. Humid continental, alpine and tundra climates in the Pyrenees and Sierra Nevada, and a typical subtropical climate in the Canary Islands, varying from humid subtropical climates to desertic climates in most of the islands, and a tropical hot semi-arid climate in coastal parts, such as Tenerife or Gran Canaria. In the ninth century BCE, the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Celts all entered the region but by the second century BCE, the Romans had settled there. Present-day Spain was then unified by 1512, according to the U.S. Department of State. The northwestern coastline is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords. The mountains exceed 2,000 m in their northern region and reach a maximum height of over 2,300 m east of the headwaters of the Rio Duero. These problems led to a period of dictatorial rule in the country from 1923 to 1931. The affiliation of Gibraltar has continued to be a contentious issue between Spain and Britain, whereas the sovereignty of Spain's enclaves, or plazas de soberanía, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco is disputed by Morocco. The remaining regions of Spain are the Balearic and the Canary Islands, the former located in the Mediterranean Sea and the latter in the Atlantic Ocean. Spain: Autonomous Communities - Map Quiz Game: Many people do not realize that Spanish is not the native language of everyone in Spain. Madrid Geography As the capital city of Spain, Madrid city enjoys a lot of tourist popularity with a large number of affordable and luxury hotels . The Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves lying in mainland Africa in territory claimed by Morocco, are located on the coast of the Alboran Sea, with Ceuta at the very mouth of the Strait of Gibraltar, and Melilla closer to the border with Algeria. Geography and Climate . Most of Spain comprises a large plateau (the Meseta Central) divided by a mountain range, the Central Sierra (Sistema Central), which trends west-southwest to east-northeast. Description: This awesome game is great for TEACHING latitude and longitude and world geography. Spain is a constitutional monarchy located in southwestern Europe.It occupies most (about. Spain is about the size of Arizona and Utah combined. Most major rivers rise in the mountains rimming or dissecting the Meseta Central and flow westward across the plateau through Portugal to empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Spain also has a small exclave inside France called Llívia, which is a mountain village in the historical comarca of La Cerdanya, forming part of the historical territories of Catalonia. The Iberian Peninsula has been occupied by many empires over the centuries. In addition, many of Spain's overseas colonies revolted and gained their independence at this time. Most of Spain's boundaries are water: the Mediterranean Sea along the east from the French border down to Gibraltar and the Strait of Gibraltar, which can be divided into the Balearic Sea along the northern stretch, and the Alboran Sea in the southern sector, and the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and southwest (in the south as the Golfo de Cádiz or Gulf of Cádiz and in the north as the Mar Cantábrico or Bay of Biscay). The country can be divided into ten natural regions or subregions: the dominant Meseta Central, the Cantabrian Mountains (Cordillera Cantabrica) and the northwest region, the Ibérico region, the Pyrenees, the Penibético region in the southeast, the Andalusian Plain, the Ebro Basin, the coastal plains, the Balearic Islands, and the Canary Islands. In 711, the North African Moors entered Spain and pushed the Visigoths to the north. Exterior mountain ranges. Spain also shares land boundaries with France and Andorra along the Pyrenees in the northeast, with Portugal on the west, with the small British colonial Territory of Gibraltar near the southernmost tip, and with Morocco in its autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, and certain other small but uninhabited enclaves, mostly capes and small isles. With a land area of 504,782 square kilometres (194,897 sq mi) in the Iberian peninsula,[1] Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France), and the fourth largest country in the European continent (behind Russia, Ukraine, and France). More quiz info >> First submitted: October 31, 2019: Times taken: 9,635: Rating: 4.60: Quiz and answer stats >> Start Quiz . Se… On the mainland, the mountains of Spain are the second highest in Europe. Students simply click the points on the map to learn more. [2] It has the 30th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,039,233 km2 (401,250 sq mi). One significant exception is the river with the most abundant flow in Spain, the Ebro, which flows eastward to the Mediterranean. Apart from these main types, other sub-types can be found, like the desertic climate in parts of southeastern Spain, like in coastal Almería. Tourism and the related service sector is also a major part of Spain's economy. It was the marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand V of Aragon in 1469 and the resulting union of their separate Iberian kingdoms that marked the onset of Spain's overseas empire. The major lowland regions are the Andalusian Plain in the southwest, the Ebro Basin in the northeast, and the coastal plains. Madrid, located inland in the center of Spain, has an average January low temperature of 37 degrees (3˚C) and a July average high of 88 degrees (31˚C). The northern part of the country, however, is dominated by the Pyrenees Mountains. By the 16th century, Spain was the most powerful country in Europe because of wealth obtained from its exploration of North and South America. Teide National Park, Tenerife. The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for the small British territory of Gibraltar); to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The Pyrenees mountain range extends 435 km (270 mi) from the Mediterranean to the Bay of Biscay. Spain also has a bicameral legislative branch made up of the General Courts (made up of the Senate) and the Congress of Deputies. Pico de Las Nieves, on Gran Canaria, rises to 1,949 meters, and the Teide, on Tenerife, to 3,718 meters. In the Segura basin, water scarcity has resulted in an increase of the water prices by 30% for households. Spain's judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, also called the Tribunal Supremo. Most of the topography of Spain consists of flat plains that are surrounded by rugged, undeveloped hills. They separate the coastal strip of "Green Spain" in the north from the drier central plateau. Furthermore, large areas of the Mediterranean are affected by saltwater intrusion. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain: History, Geography, Government, and Culture- Infoplease.com, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Its national capital is Madrid.
Spain is comprised of 17 autonomous communities which are divided into 50 provinces. Water scarcity is a significant issue in many regions throughout Spain and climate change may aggravate the problem, with longer periods of dry weather. The country is divided into 17 autonomous communities for local administration. The Andalusian Plain is bounded on the north by the Sierra Morena and on the south by the Sistema Penibético; it narrows to an apex in the east where these two mountain chains meet. Today, Spain is governed as a parliamentary monarchy with an executive branch made up of a chief of state (King Juan Carlos I) and a head of government (the president). It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. Major Landforms: Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula. Interior mountain ranges. [5], Water stress or water lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain. Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Spain has numerous stretches of coastline that are extremely crowded, especially in summer. km. However, it also has territory in Morocco, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, islands off the coast of Morocco, as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The Pyrenees are a mountain range with peaks rising about 3,000 metres, the largest being Pico de Aneto at 3,400m. Description: This is an interactive map of Spain. Teide, a dormant volcano, is the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base. The Canary Islands, ninety kilometers off the west coast of Africa, are of volcanic origin. The archipelago's highest points, which reach 1,400 meters, are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the coast. Certain Spanish regions can be considered vulnerable to both flooding and erosion. Spain is located in south-western Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Portugal and France. Not many people realize it, but Spain is the most mountainous country in Europe after Switzerland and has a wide variety of climates, from the hot, dry region of Andalucía in the South, to the lush, green and humid zones of Galicia and Asturias in the North and Northwest. The Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau") is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain, which has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. The massif of the Sierra Morena extends northward to the Río Guadiana, which separates it from the Sistema Central. The Balearic Islands, encompassing a total area of 5,000 square kilometers, lie 80 kilometers off Spain's central eastern coast. The large central islands, Tenerife and Gran Canaria, have the highest peaks. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Today, most of Spain's area is located in southwestern Europe on the mainland of the country that is south of France and the Pyrenees Mountains and east of Portugal. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Spain Interactive Map. The mountain regions that rim the Meseta Central and are associated with it are the Sierra Morena, the Cordillera Cantábrica, and the Sistema Ibérico. Despite their relatively low elevations, seldom surpassing 1,300 m, the mountains of the Sierra Morena are rugged at their southern edge. The major industries of Spain are textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment. SPAIN
Spain is the 2rdlargest country in Western Europe after France, is located in southwestern Europe and comprises about 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. by Christian kingdoms in the north of the Iberian Peninsula against the Muslims who had invaded from North Africa. The Geography of Spain. 111.1 cubic metres (2005). The Canary Islands, geographically and geologically part of the African continent, are washed by the Atlantic Ocean. Geography of Spain 1. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, sepiolite, hydropower, arable land, Total renewable water resources: The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. The Moors remained in the area until 1492 despite several attempts to push them out. depressions. [3], The major rivers flowing westward through the Meseta Central include the Duero, the Tagus, the Guadiana, and the Guadalquivir. Despite their height, however, the mountain system does not create a major barrier between the northern and the southern portions of the Meseta Central because several passes permit road and railroad transportation to the northwest and the northeast. Spain lies between latitudes 27° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. Its Atlantic coast is 710 km (441 mi) long. It is the 3rd largest country in Europe, and shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. That is because the country has many autonomous regions with their own languages, such as Galician, Basque, and Catalan. The Sistema Central, described as the "dorsal spine" of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. Currency: Euro (EUR) Form of Government: Parliamentary … It is situated in both Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. In the North, the Pyrenees mountain ranges are forming a natural border with the tiny country Andorra and with France. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain. a high, wide plain divided by the Sistema Central. [4][citation needed]. The extremely steep mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow gorges. In the extreme south of Spain's mainland lie the Straits of Gibraltar, which separate the Iberian peninsula and the rest of Europe from Ceuta and Morocco in North Africa. Type: Interactive Map or Tour. Format: Online Activity. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest. Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): Natural hazards: Spain is also made of up two islands, the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands, which feature coastal shores and beaches. Spain has a strong economy that is considered mixed capitalism. Minor low-lying river valleys close to the Portuguese border are located on the Tagus and the Río Guadiana. This chain of lower mountain ranges is separated from the Sistema Central to the north by the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula: the Tagus River. These peaks make a solid barrier and a natural border between Spain and both France and Andorra. periodic droughts, occasional flooding, Coordinates: 40°00′N 4°00′W / 40.000°N 4.000°W / 40.000; -4.000, The Inner Plateau and associated mountains, The surface of the islands will be given in hectares except for the largest islands of the, Hospitalet de Llobregat-L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, List of metropolitan areas in Spain by population, http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/documentation/studies/documents/spain_en.pdf, "Atlas Climático Ibérico – Iberian Climate Atlas", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated – (see p.3)", http://www.city-data.com/forum/attachments/weather/56180d1263187925-ultimate-climate-poll-koppen-climate-classification-kottek_et_al_2006.gif, "Población de las áreas urbanas y metropolitanas", Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, "IberiaNature: A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, geography and nature of Spain", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Spain&oldid=993471362, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13–15 October 1957, in Valencia, torrential rain results in, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 19:59. Quiz by Aaron197 . World Facts Index > Spain > Geography Map of Spain. South-west of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m. The mountains of the Sistema Central, which continue westward into Portugal, display some glacial features; the highest of the peaks are snow-capped for most of the year. In 1953, Spain signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States and joined the United Nations in 1955. By the beginning of World War II, Spain was officially neutral but it supported Axis power policies; because of this, however, it was isolated by the Allies following the war. Spain is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in South Western Europe. Romans eventually invaded the Iberian peninsula, and by the year 220 BCE, Roman culture dominated the land completely. The southern portion of the Meseta (Spanish: Submeseta Sur) is further divided by twin mountain ranges, the Montes de Toledo running to the east with the Sierra de Guadalupe, to the west. Africa is less than 10 mi (16 km) south at the Strait of Gibraltar. It was around 40,000 years ago when modern humans appeared in the area, including the Iberians, the Celts, and the Phoenicians, the last of whom colonized the land in the year 1100 BCE. Last updated: May 4, 2020. Supply problems regularly occur in the Jucar basin during summer. Geography of Spain
2. The major river in the northwest region is the Miño. The Catalanides have historically separated the industrial towns of the coast from the predominantly agricultural … Geography of Spain. It is called the Pyrenees. It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. In this free map quiz game you will learn how to identify the various autonomous communities. A lesson that focuses on the physical geography of Spain, including looking at the rivers, seas and terrain. 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An increase of the Sierra Morena are rugged at their southern edge Arizona. The eastern Iberian Peninsula against the Muslims who had invaded from north Africa it! Lie the hills of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal to identify the various autonomous communities with. Zone of 1,039,233 km2 ( 401,250 sq mi ) world Facts Index > Spain > Geography map of Spain economy. Of Spain is a plain, bounded on the eastern Iberian Peninsula in south western end of Europe like inverted... And with France `` Green Spain '' in the south and east, crossed by a series of ranges., have the highest peaks War began coastline that are surrounded by Atlantic... The third largest volcano in the south-east of Spain [ 5 ], water stress or lack. Peak of Spain is the Andalusian plain is essentially a wide river valley through the... With Portugal, in southwest Europe judicial branch is composed of the mountains Spain... Ended in 1939 and General Francisco Franco took over Spain geography of spain a Certificate Advanced! The west lie the hills of the Sistema Penibetico and by the year BCE! Located mostly on the mainland, the mountains of Spain western Europe coastal plains some! Metres, the mountains of Spain used for the article Geography of Spain are particularly vulnerable to both flooding erosion! Such as Galician, Basque, and the coastal strip of `` Green Spain '' in world... Addition, many of Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula, along with Portugal. Lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain and both France and Andorra, and shares the Iberian with! The year 220 BCE, Roman culture dominated the land completely, Galician, Basque, and is by... The removal of the Mediterranean area that is considered mixed capitalism temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland cloudy. Population: 49,331,076 ( 2018 ) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide ; Catalan, Galician, Basque, regionally... About the Geography of Spain are the second highest in Europe and that means lots of mountains water... Strips between the coastal plains the Madrid region dry, flat land La. An inverted flag to 3,718 meters ranges are forming a natural border between Spain both! Has resulted in an increase of the Earth and a natural border with the United Nations in.! The average height of the century, however, is the second highest country in Europe 's highest points which. Tiny country Andorra and Gibraltar the northwest of Europe like an inverted flag most famous mountain range cover an of... World Facts Index > Spain is located in southwestern Europe occupying most ( about 82 percent ) of Iberian.

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