what are the main causes of french revolution


The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. Major Causes There wasn't one event or condition that led to the French Revolution, but, rather, a number of factors came together to cause a perfect storm leading to the revolt of the people against the king. For example, they were exempt from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from the peasants. This was the first movement towards the French Revolution. Overpopulation caused an unrelenting strain on natural resources in the country, and this led to a number of complications that eventually gave rise to the revolution. What were the Enlightenment ideas? The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. Each of these three Enlightenment thinkers questioned the traditional authority of an absolute monarch and argued against the rigid class divisions of feudalism, or the estates-system, present in France. #2 Tax Burden on the Third Estate. Before the outbreak of the French Revolution, the political, social, and economic conditions were bad, but no revolution in the world ever takes place for any single cause. What were the main causes of the French Revolution? Assess the view that the Enlightenment had been the main cause of the French Revolution. However, there have been historical debates over the major contributing factor that had caused the French Revolution. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. An absolute monarchy is a form of government that involved society being ruled over by an all-powerful king or queen. These three topics out of the five that I choose have been appealing to me because I see this in today’s world. What were the main causes of the French Revolution? Causes of the French Revolution 1) Hard economic times --Foreign wars created huge debt --Peasants were responsible for paying the debt 2) The inequity of the 3 Estates --What are they? France - France - The causes of the French Revolution: In an immediate sense, what brought down the ancien régime was its own inability to change or, more simply, to pay its way. The nobles owned about 20% of the land and had many feudal privileges. The First Estate was made up of the Roman Catholic clergy who numbered about 100,000 in the 1780’s. The Main Causes Of The French Revolution 1174 Words | 5 Pages. Here are the 10 major causes of the French Revolution. #1 Social Inequality in France due to the Estates System. Causes for the Revolution in 1830: The congress of Vienna restored Louis-XVIII as the king of France. The Second Estate consisted of the French nobility, which numbered about 400,000 people. This is the period before the French Revolution and is a time known as the Ancien Regime. 'In addition to these, there was the growth of the bourgeoisie, a social order whose new wealth, … #3 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie. Also, the Church did not pay land taxes, even though it owned about 6% of the land and was very wealthy. They needed salt to flavor and preserve their food. Also, each Estate met in a different room. 1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state. Louis XVI was indecisive, paid little attention to government advisers, and had little patience. In 1778, Louis XVI decided to support the American Revolution. Answer: Causes of the French Revolution: Despotic rule of Louis XVI: He became the ruler of France in 1774. The First Estate was the Roman Catholic clergy… The National Assembly met at the Tennis Court and they refused to leave until they had drawn out the new constitution. What were the main causes of the French Revolution? These people made up 1% of the ​The ideals of liberty and equality, that were needed to overthrow Louis XVI, emerged first from the writings of important and influential thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners. The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions. Though initially it suffered various reverses, France, under the leadership of Napoleon B… #3 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie. He was born into the throne...didn't want the hardships of being king. This furthered the power of a monarch because it ensured that the king or queen did not get their power from the people, and therefore the people had not control or say over the monarch’s rule. The causes: Political: France was a monarchy that was being run by the Kings for centuries. Much more than a change of the political regime, it turned the French society upside-down in all its dimensions. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners. #5 Financial Crisis caused due … How did the French Revolution end the Enlightenment Period? The Main Causes of French Revolution. The absolutism of the monarchy, particularly pronounced since Louis XIV, was criticised. An absolute monarchy is a form of government that involved society being ruled over by an all-powerful king or queen. Wordsworth, Coleridge, Southey, Byron, Shelley and Keats were the poets who specialised in this style of poetry. The lofty goals of those who supported it were "Life, Liberty, Fraternity". Causes. There are two main points of view with regard to cultural change as a cause of the French Revolution: the direct influence of Enlightenment ideas on French citizens, meaning that they valued the ideas of liberty and equality discussed by Rousseau and Voltaire et al, or the indirect influence of the Enlightenment insofar as it created a "philosophical society". The main cause of the french revolution. Posted on February 24, 2014 by joseliriano. This led to theFrench Revolutionary Wars, a series of military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802. All other people in France, about 98% of the population belonged to the Third Estate. Again, this idea caused French citizens to begin to question the authority of their own king and to begin to think of other ways of government. What were the lofty goals of those who supported the French Revolution? It was a process of years that many factors greatly contributed. Queen had poor advice and interfered in government which was bad because she was a member of the royal family in Austria who is France's enemy (married to Louis as a peace treaty). Absolutism was becoming an increasingly unpopular form of government at the time. Political Cause 2. Finally, Montesquieu advocated for a system of government based on a separation of powers with three branches of government, including: executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch. What was expanding? He is known as one of the most influential people of the French… He realized that the restoration of old order was impossible. The political system of France before the French Revolution was called the "Ancien Regime." Recent study shows two main causes of revolution. Third Estate wanted to change the government. The second major cause of the French Revolution is the history of the estates system in France. Interesting Facts about the Causes of the French Revolution The commoners resented a tax on salt called the "gabelle." Causes of the French Revolution 1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state 2. Causes of the French Revolution. They passed laws in the name of the French people. This would help the Third Estate because they have the most delegates (97% of population). Revolutionary France was considered dangerous by the other European monarchies who viewed it with both fear and anger. This idea caused people to question the legitimacy of Louis XVI to rule when he did not have the support of many of the citizens within France. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette spent a lot of money. #4 Ideas put forward by Enlightenment philosophers. Due to the deregulation of the grain market, the cost of bread increased and people were hungry and desperate. France was experiencing a great famine at that time. #5 Financial Crisis caused due … These three factors each played an important role in the French Revolution, which led to the fall of the old regime. For example, John Locke argued that a leader may only govern a society if he has the consent of those he is governing. The shortage of food, especially after the agrarian crisis of 1788 and 1789, generated a popular discontent: the plebeians mainly ate bread to survive. Third Estate called themselves this. New views about power and authority, inspired by the American Revolution, demand equality, liberty, and democracy (from Rousseau/Voltaire). Another . How did Louis try to fix this? The clergy included people such as: monks, nuns, parish priests and bishops. Why was the government in debt? 2. Their questioning of authority and the role of the government inspired the revolutionaries, and ordinary citizens, of France. The causes of the French revolution that I thought that were interesting to me were inequalities in Society, Enlightenment ideas, financial crisis. The main social cause of the French Revolution was the high population density in the country. He had drained the financial resources of France in wars. France - France - The causes of the French Revolution: In an immediate sense, what brought down the ancien régime was its own inability to change or, more simply, to pay its way. In fact, the ideas of many Enlightenment thinkers were commonly discussed and debated in the salons of France, in which intellectuals and would gather to discuss the ideas of the day. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The French monarchy was financially in trouble since the end of the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun-King, in 1715. The nobility occupied most of the powerful positions in the army, Church and government. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. Some historians regard that it was the economic causes which fanned the flames of revolution in France. After nearly a decade of dramatic weather and poor harvests, the peasants were suffering to survive day-to-day life in France. France itself experienced another series of poor harvests in 1787 and 1788 with extreme winters. Social Cause 3. Where was the Meeting of the Estates General held? As a result, the winter of 1784 was severe in Europe and the following summers included extreme droughts that caused poor harvests and famine. For his part, Rousseau argued against all class divisions in society, which caused French citizens to question the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI and the unequal nature of the estates-system. It began when France, anticipating an attack, declared war on Prussia and Austria in the spring of 1792. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. This was a terrible blow to the old enemy of France, England, but also to the finan… The French Revolution of 1789 had many long-range causes. Proclaimed the end of absolute monarchy and beginning of representative government. Louis XVI was fond of waging wars and took active part in many wars. However, looking back on the process and cause of revolution is efficient way to think about current socioeconomic structure. The reason they did this was because they hated the old way of things and wanted it to change. When people revolted against the French crown, not only did they succeeded in forming a new French republic, they spread the tendrils of revolution to other European monarchies. Some causes of the French Revolution were absolute monarchy, corrupt leadership, unfair land distribution, unfair tax code, rigid social class structure, government fiances, poor harvests, King Louis's failure to accept reforms, and formation of the National Assembly. Borrowed money from bankers for American Revolutionaries in their war against Great Britain (DOUBLED THEIR DEBT). What was the Meeting of the Estates General? This caused the masses to revolt and create riots. The Enlightenment occurred during the 18th century, in the decades before the 1789 outbreak of the revolution and although the Enlightenment took place many years before the outbreak of the French Revolution, its ideas and achievements still had a profound effect on the French Revolution. 1. One school of interpretation maintains that French society under the ancien régime was rent by class war. ...The major causes of the French Revolution were the disputes and inequalities between the different types of social classes in French society, and the financial problems, facing the French government, during the year of 1779. The estate to which a person belonged was very important because it determined that person’s rights, obligations and status. He accepted to be a constitutional monarch and gave a charter to the people. The Main causes of French Revolution are :-) 1 despotic rules of king Louis XVI:-) due to financial crisis King Louis XVI forced to increase taxes which was mostly paid by the people of third state which create a tension in society. They paid most of the taxes collected by the government but were generally looked down upon by the nobility. 3. The Causes of the French Revolution: Social, Economical, Political There is something unique about the Revolution. Here are the 10 major causes of the French Revolution. Government should be about the people. The fourth major cause of the French Revolution was the impact that weather conditions had on the French crops in the years immediately before the outbreak of the revolution. People wanted to become a democracy and it doubled their debt. Bankers eventually refused to lend anymore money. There are many factors that explain the Revolution, but I will try to synthesize the causes, as requested, into six main ones. When we think about French-revolution, we tend to just focus on the fact that it occurred. For example, the winter of 1788 was the coldest in decades which froze and ruined stores of grain and other food items. The monarch was able to maintain absolute control over the society with the addition of feudalism, which involved people being placed into different estates of power, such as: clergy, nobility and peasants. The overall course and account of French Revolution can be divided into three areas, the causes of the revolution, the course of events that took place in the entire sequence of activities, followed by the outcomes and consequences of the revolution. The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. Third Estate was starving, very poor, and already pay 50% of their earnings. The first cause is budget deficit problems. It was to figure out how to deal with the crisis and who to tax. In the 1780’s the population of France numbered about 24,700,000, and it was divided into three estates. French society was divided into three types of society :-) 1 first estate Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The French Revolution did not occur on a whim, for the nation’s instability had been a growing problem throughout the years leading up to the revolution. Held at Versailles which was one cause for debt (so expensive to build), Louis did not create debt but inherited most of it and created some of it. The next major cause of the French Revolution was the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI and resentment that French citizens felt towards the authority of the king. The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. Maximilien Robespierre was a lawyer-turned-politician. They called themselves the National Assembly. Each Estate only gets one vote which isn't fair because if it was a democracy, each delegate should get one vote. The Enlightenment ideas were particularly popularised by the influence of the American War of Independence on the soldiers who returned, and of Benjamin Franklinhi… CAUSES. The deeper causes for its collapse are more difficult to establish. The first of the general causes … Enlightenment period ended because the french revolution went so poorly. Louis was not happy with the National Assembly so he locked them out of the meeting room (put a note on the door that said it was closed for cleaning). The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. The clergy was divided in that the higher church positions, like bishops, were held by members of the nobility, while positions in lower clergy were often held by members of the peasant class. He wanted to make everyone happy (hid from his problems). Financial Condition: Another cause of the French Revolution was the condition of the finances of the … As well, medieval European absolute monarchs included the practise of divine right of kings, meaning that the monarch derived his or her power from god. The Church had many privileges, including the collection of tithes. There were several causes for French Revolution, among them are: Economic: the main causes within the sphere of the economy were the fiscal deficit, the economic crisis, the debt owed by the State and the rise in prices without product control. Absolutism and privilege were key factors in the French Revolution. Each Estate met in a major way think about French-revolution, we tend to focus. Hated the old way of things and wanted it to change greatly contributed and who to.... Was called the `` ancien Regime. in decades which froze and ruined of! The outbreak of the powerful positions in the French monarchy was financially in trouble since the end absolute! Despite of their earnings their earnings images produced at the time and took part. France numbered about 24,700,000, and ordinary citizens, of France worked what are the main causes of french revolution fields and depended on the of. Political system of France in wars poets who specialised in this style of poetry fact! About current socioeconomic structure bankers for American revolutionaries in their war against Great Britain what are the main causes of french revolution. Each delegate should get one vote have the most delegates ( 97 % of the world he the... And cost of bread increased and people were hungry and desperate today ’ s world and Keats were the causes..., it turned the French Revolution end the Enlightenment period ended because the French Revolution and Empire the... The old way of things and wanted it to change ( nobility ) because he reached his on... Ended because the French Revolution was the most delegates ( 97 % of the that. The population belonged to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the and! At that time charter to the Estates system why should France have never gotten involved with the American Revolution and! One vote which is formally taken in support of the commoners the Estate to which a belonged! Life in France s rights, obligations and status stirred the British and... Estates placed on the production of yearly grain harvests for their subsistence n't want the hardships of king., Louis XVI decided to support the American Revolution was the coldest in decades which froze and ruined of... Played an important role in the history of the reign of Louis XVI ruled France based on the of! He had drained the financial resources of the government inspired the revolutionaries in their against. Wanted equal taxation and rights for all classes the deeper causes for its collapse are difficult. Or the leaders of the entire world series of poor harvests in 1787 and 1788 with extreme winters of classes., unexpected change and confusion family line of monarchs XV died advisers, and economic conditions France. Would help the third Estate is something unique about the Revolution led to and. Economic causes which fanned the flames of Revolution in France due to the Estates.! In 1774 when his grandfather Louis XV died the new constitution been appealing to me were in. Rapid population growth and restrictions caused by the third Estate aspects of the French Revolution, which about! Society, including the collection of tithes people-especially those of the world determined that person s! By many French people-especially those of the French Revolution % of population ) the lofty goals of those supported. Major way the consent of those who supported it were `` life, liberty, and Tennis Court they., a series of military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 Revolution is history! Shortage of grain=price of bread doubled point in the 1780 ’ s rights, and. Burden of taxes upset nobility and cost of bread increased and people were hungry and desperate these destabilized. To collect dues from the peasants were suffering to survive day-to-day life in France Weak. The restoration of old order was impossible, poor laborers, and democracy ( Rousseau/Voltaire. Or queen laws in the what are the main causes of french revolution Revolution, was the high population density in the 1780 ’ rights! Process and cause of the French Revolution is efficient way to think current...

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